Between 400-600 BCE, Hanno the Navigator of Carthage, conducted an epic voyage down the west coast of Africa – sailing more than 4,000 miles – reaching all the way to modern-day Gabon. It is one of the earliest recorded voyages of discovery.
There are not a lot of resources for Hanno the Navigator. Below are some links to some analysis of the Periplus of Hanno – the key source document we have about the voyage.
- Nicely organized review of the Periplus and Hanno’s voyage by Jona Lendering.
- And another review.
- And another from Ancient History Encyclopedia by Mark Cartwright.
- Translation and analysis from 1913 by Wilfred H. Schoff. Older, but still well done.
- Hanno’s Wikipedia page.