Hernán Cortés and the Conquest of Mexico – Part 8

Part 8 is the wrap up of this amazing series.

We look at the aftermath of the siege of Tenochtitlan, cover the rest of Cortés’ life, and do a review of the lives of some of the key players in the series.

We will wrap with some thoughts on Cortés and the fall of the Aztec Empire.

“The Martyrdom of Cuauhtémoc”, a 19th-century painting by Leandro Izaguirre

Resources

There is a lot of information on Cortés and the Aztec Empire. Below are some of the key sources that used for the podcast.

Conquistador, Hernan Cortes, King Montezuma, and the Last Stand of the Aztecs by Buddy Levy.

Rivers of Gold: The Rise of the Spanish Empire from Columbus to Magellan by Hugh Thomas.

Conquest: Cortes, Montezuma, and the Fall of Old Mexico by Hugh Thomas.

When Montezuma met Cortes: The True Story of the meeting that Changed History by Matthew Restall. This offers some of the radical rethinking of the fall of the Aztec Empire – and is thus controversial in the eyes of some.

Letters of Cortes, Vol. 1 by Hernan Cortes.

Letters of Cortes, Vol. 2 by Hernan Cortes.

Florentine Codex by Bernardino de Sahagún.

The Memoirs of Conquistador Bernal Diaz Del Castillo by Bernal Diaz.

Wikipedia links

Hernán Cortés and the Conquest of Mexico – Part 7

In part 7 of our series on Hernán Cortés and the Conquest of Mexico, the Spanish and their allies converge on the Valley of Mexico and begin the siege of Tenochtitlan – which will signal the end of the Aztec Empire.

“The Last Days of Tenochtitlan, Conquest of Mexico by Cortez”, a 19th-century painting by William de Leftwich Dodge.

Images courtesy of Wikipedia.

 

Hernán Cortés and the Conquest of Mexico – Part 6

Cuauhtémoc – the last emperor of the Aztecs

In the wake of his defeat at Tenochtitlan, Cortés has to fend off the Aztecs at the Battle of Otumba.

He must then consolidate his forces, and plot his return to the Valley of Mexico.

Meanwhile, smallpox ravages the Aztec Empire – and brings a new emperor – Cuauhtémoc.

Hernán Cortés and the Conquest of Mexico – Part 5

La Noche Triste

In Part 5 in our series on Hernán Cortés and the Conquest of Mexico, Cortés must deal with threats from the recently arrived Panfilo de Narvaez, and an uprising in Tenochtitlan. Things will end with the La Noche Triste – the Night of Sorrows (hint: that’s won’t end well for the Spanish).

Below is a map of Tenochtitlan at the time of Cortés arrival in 1519.

 

Hernán Cortés and the Conquest of Mexico – Part 4

Montezuma

In part 4 of our series on Hernán Cortés, the Spanish march into Tenochtitlan – the Aztec capital. In doing so, Cortés will come face-to-face with the legendary Montezuma.

Hernán Cortés and the Conquest of Mexico – Part 3

A painting from Diego Muñoz Camargo’s History of Tlaxcala, circa 1585, showing La Malinche and Cortés.

In part three of our series on Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés and the Conquest of Mexico, the Spanish march west, encountering resistance from the independent Tlaxcalan people, as well as confronting possible treachery in the city of Cholula. The episode will wrap with Cortes and his army heading into the Valley of Mexico – the location of Tenochtitlan – the Aztec capital and the home of Emperor Montezuma.

 

This map above shows shows the route Cortés and his army took from the east coast to the Valley of Mexico in the summer and fall of 1519.

All images courtesy of Wikipedia.

Hernán Cortés and the Conquest of Mexico – Part 2

The coat of arms awarded to Cortés
The coat of arms awarded to Cortés

In part 2 of series, Cortés forges an alliance with a discontented people, and establishes the first European settlement in New Spain – Vera Cruz. Also, he encounters the first emissaries of the Aztec Empire, who offer the Spanish a large bribe to leave their lands. Instead, Cortés becomes determined to travel to the heart of the Aztec Empire – Tenochtitlan – and meet their ruler – Montezuma.

Below, Cortés scuttles his fleet so his men are not tempted to return to Cuba (By AlejandroLinaresGarcia – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7924717)

Below is a map of Cortés route into Mexico.