Francis Drake – Part 6 – The Spanish Armada and Final Years

The Spanish Armada

In our sixth – and final episode – we cover the years of 1581-1595 in the life of Francis Drake. It is an action-packed episode, with a focus on Drake’s raid of Spain (called ‘The singeing of the King of Spain’s beard’), the Spanish Armada, and two more expeditions to the New World.

Resources for this series

There were lots and lots of places I pulled information from for this series on Drake. Here’s a few of the key ones I used.

There are quite a few biographies of Drake, but John Sugden’s “Sir Francis Drake” was my favorite.

Another biography of Drake that I found useful was Julian Corbert’s “Sir Francis Drake“. The book is dated (published in 1911), but still interesting. It can be read for free online.

Wikipedia – Lots of info to be found, including links to all the appropriate side subjects (the Spanish Armada, Queen Elizabeth, King Phillip, etc.)

All images courtesy of Wikipedia.

Gallery of Images

Francis Drake – Part 5 – Across the Pacific and Home

Bronze statue of Drake in Tavistock. By Joseph Boehm, 1883.

In part 5 of our series on Francis Drake, the English explorer sets out from modern-day California towards Asia.

Drake will reach the fabled Spice Islands, and then head west – rounding the southern tip of Africa – and head home to England.

In doing so, he will become only the second person to circumnavigate the globe.

Francis Drake – Part 4 – War in the Pacific

Capture of Nuestra Señora de la Concepción by Friedrich Hulsius.

In part 4 in our series, Francis Drake will lead his fleet into the Strait of Magellan.

After surviving more than 50 days of storms, he will then proceed to attack Spanish shipping on the western coast of the Americas – capturing the greatest prize in English history.

Here is more information about Nuestra Señora de la Concepción (aka Cagafuego)

A 1590 engraving of Drake’s landing in California. By Theodor de Bry.

All images courtesy of Wikipedia.

Francis Drake – Part 3 – The Journey Around the World Begins

Replica of Drake’s flagship, Pelican (later renamed Golden Hind).

In 1576, Francis Drake begins his circumnavigation of the globe. In this episode, we follow Drake as he gets backing for the venture, gathers his fleet, and then heads toward the Strait of Magellan. However, a rival, Thomas Doughty, will emerge from within the fleet, challenging him for command.

The episode will conclude with a deadly confrontation between Drake and Doughty.

Francis Drake’s circumnavigation of the globe.

All photos courtesy of Wikipedia.

Francis Drake – Part 2 – Terror of the Spanish Main

Portrait of Drake, circa 1590.

In part 2 of our series on Francis Drake, we cover the three expeditions Drake led to the Caribbean.

The three voyages would make Drake one of the most hated men in the Spanish Empire – and a hero in England.

The final voyage will conclude with Drake’s daring attack on the Spanish Treasure Caravan as it crossed the isthmus of Panama.

Francis Drake – Part 1 – The Early Years

Francis Drake – Portrait from 1581

In our new series on the Explorers Podcast, we look at the life of English explorer, admiral and privateer Francis Drake. In our first episode, we look at Drake’s younger years, including the voyages he made to Africa and the Caribbean in the 1560s – culminating in the Battle of San Juan de Ulúa in 1568.

This map below shows the important locations discussed in Part 1 of our series on Francis Drake. Click on the map to see a larger version of it.

The image below depicts the Battle of San Juan de Ulúa in 1568.

All images courtesy of Wikipedia.

Diogo Cão and the Exploration of West Africa

In this episode of the Explorers Podcast, Portuguese explorer Diogo Cão travels down the coast of west Africa in the 1480s, becoming the first European to discover the Congo River, and setting the stage for others to round the tip of the continent.

The Map below shows the key locations we talk about in this episode.

Resources

Diogo CãoWikipedia – Not a lot is known about Cão, and the vast majority of sites with biographies pretty much say the same thing as Wikipedia.

Crossing the Ocean Seas by Mary Ames Mitchell is a nice online resource about Cão – and many other exploration-related items.

The Voyages of Diogo Cão and Bartholomeu Dias, 1482-88, by Ernst Georg Ravenstein, and an old (1900) book, but is one of the few that discusses the voyages of Cão.

Photos

Images courtesy of Wikipedia.