In part 2 of series, Cortés forges an alliance with a discontented people, and establishes the first European settlement in New Spain – Vera Cruz. Also, he encounters the first emissaries of the Aztec Empire, who offer the Spanish a large bribe to leave their lands. Instead, Cortés becomes determined to travel to the heart of the Aztec Empire – Tenochtitlan – and meet their ruler – Montezuma.
In part one of our series, Hernán Cortés organizes and leads an army to Mexico to seek out the rich lands to the west. He does all of this despite a confrontation with the governor of Cuba, Diego Velázquez.
In Mexico, the Spanish will find something they never imagined – the Aztec Empire.
The map below offers a look at the key locations around King William Island mentioned in this podcast.
The image below displays the note left in the cairn at Victory Point. The original note was written by Lt. Graham Gore. The notes in the margins were then added the following year by Captain Fitzjames. It is the last communication from the expedition.
There are many books and sites devoted to the Franklin Expedition. I’ve included a few here.
Frozen in Time: The Fate of the Franklin Expedition – by Owen Beattie and John Geiger (1987) – While there have been quite a recent books about the Franklin Expedition, this was the best. Also, the book has been updated to reflect some more recent findings regarding the expedition.
The Terror – by Dan Simmons (2007) – This is a riveting fictionalized version of the Franklin Expedition, incorporating elements of fantasy and horror. Be warned, the book is pretty intense, so it is definitely not for children.
In 1845, Sir John Franklin lead two ships into the Arctic in search of the fabled Northwest Passage. The ships and crew were the finest England had to offer. However, after heading into Lancaster Sound – the entrance to the Passage – neither ship would be seen again.
In part 1 of 2 of the Lost Franklin Expedition, we find out about Franklin, his crew, and the preparations for his historic journey. We then take the expedition to the Arctic – and into a morass of islands, ice, snow and danger.
Also, regarding this episode. The Explorers Podcast would like to give a huge thank you to Mr. Ross Arbour. Ross is a fan of the show, and a history buff. Ross, who is a news writer in Canada, offered to write the script for this episode – and we were thrilled with the result. So thanks to friend of the podcast Ross Arbour, who made this episode possible.
Apollo Expeditions to the Moon – NASA
A Man on the Moon: Voyages of the Apollo Astronauts – Andrew Chaikin
Magnificent Desolation – Buzz Aldrin
Carrying the Fire – Michael Collins
First Man: The Life of Neil A. Armstrong – James Hansen
In our sixth – and final episode – we cover the years of 1581-1595 in the life of Francis Drake. It is an action-packed episode, with a focus on Drake’s raid of Spain (called ‘The singeing of the King of Spain’s beard’), the Spanish Armada, and two more expeditions to the New World.