Francisco de Orellana and the Exploration of the Amazon River – Part 2

Francisco_de_Orellana-bustFrancisco de Orellana heads down the Amazon River in a bid to return to civilization. Little does he know that he is about to begin one of the most amazing journeys in the annals of exploration.

His epic trek will include a battle with the legendary Amazons, encounters with cannibals, near starvation and much, much more.


orellana-river-map

Journey of Francisco de Orellana 


Sources

The best book I found on Orellana was River of Darkness: Francisco Orellana’s Legendary Voyage of Death and Discovery Down the Amazon by Buddy Levy. It’s a well-written adventure that was my go-to source for this podcast.

Relación del nuevo descubrimiento del famoso río grande que descubrió por muy grande ventura el capitán Francisco de Orellana según la transcripción de don Toribio Medina is a version of Orellana’s tale as written by Father Gaspar de Carvajal – the priest who accompanied Orellana down the Amazon. This version is in Spanish (I could not find an English language version).

Wikipedia Links:

All images courtesy of Wikipedia.

Vasco Núñez de Balboa – Part 2

balboa-pacificBalboa has established the colony of Santa Maria on the eastern shore in the province of Darien. But when the local natives tell him about the ‘other sea’ over the mountains – not to mention the kingdom where men drink from golden goblets and eat off plates of gold – the conquistador is ensnared.

Part 2 is the conclusion of our series on Balboa.

Download this episode directly.

Listen to Vasco Nunez de Balboa Part 2 now.

Explorers on iTunes.

Reading Materials

Sadly, I could find no really comprehensive contemporary biographies about Balboa. Some earlier works from the 1800s and early 1900s are very romanticized – and very much a blend of fact and fiction.

When I found more contemporary looks at Balboa, the details were short and not that in-depth – often a part of a larger theme. But taking it all as a whole, it added up to some good reading – even if contradictions and inaccuracies are more the norm than the exception.

Still, here’s a list of some of the more interesting items I found:

Rivers of Gold: The Rise of the Spanish Empire from Columbus to Magellan was a good read about the early colonial era, and contained a couple of chapters on Balboa (especially his rivalry with Pedrarias).

Frederick Ober’s Vasco Nunez de Balboa, written in 1906, is an entertaining biography of Balboa – even if it is quite hokey and romanticized. You can read it free.

The Lives of Vasco Nunez de Balboa and Francisco Pizarro is one of the earliest biographies of Balboa. The book is written by Manuel Jose Quintana in 1832 and is translated into English. You can read it for free.

Historic Panama Web Page by Bruce Ruiz – This website was created by a gentleman in the early 2000s named Bruce Ruiz. The man passed away in 2003, but his son keeps the page online. It has a ton of information on colonial Panama, although there is a lot of inaccurate information. It’s very entertaining.

Wikipedia has a good Balboa page. From there you can link to many of the other people in our tale.

Image of Balboa claiming the Pacific Ocean is from Wikipedia.